These documents were given to attendees of the Town Hall Gun Meeting at the Urbana lLbrary.
Key Components of Firearms Safety Act
Establishes a license requirement for future firearm purchases
o Includes 1) background check, 2) fingerprinting, 3) safety training
o Several groups of people including current gun owners are exempt from safety training
o License expires after 10 years and renewal can be requested
o Certain types of convicted criminals, people with specified mental illness history (e.g.
involuntarily committed, voluntarily committed for >30 days, deemed unable to stand
trial due to mental illness), and people who have guardians for purposes other than
physical disability are prohibited from purchasing or owning firearms and certain types of weapons (assault rifles & copycat weapons) for future purchase or transfer Into state
o Excludes weapons purchased before October 2013 Bans magazines with capacity> 10 for future purchase or transfer into state
o Excludes weapons/ magazines purchased before October 2013
BLOOMBERG SCHOOL OF PUBIC HEALTH
Cebter for Gun Policy ,md Resenrdr Fact Sheet
BENEFITS OF HANDGUN PURCHASER LICENSING
In 2010, firearms were associated with more than 31,000 deaths, 73,000 non-fatal injuries,' and more than
300,000 violent crimes in the U.S.2 Most of the firearms used in these events were handguns. Yet many
Americans mistakenly believe that handguns are more closely regulated than they actually are. In fact,
only a handful of U.S. states require buyers to obtain a license from law enforcement prior to purchasing a
handgun. Handgun purchaser licensing laws, especially those which require buyers to provide
fingerprints to law enforcement officials, help prevent straw purchasers (persons who are not prohibited
from possessing guns who buy guns for prohibited individuals) from illegally diverting guns to criminals.
RESEARCH ON HANDGUN PURCHASER LICEN::''ING
Research has demonstrated that handgun purchaser licensing laws make it much harder for high risk
persons to acquire guns and reduce illegal gun trafficking.
• The U.S. General Accounting Office (GAO) conducted a study which underscored the need for
fingerprint-verified handgun purchaser licensing to confirm the buyer's identity. GAO researchers
sent individuals into gun stores in 5 states without handgun purchaser licensing laws to purchase
firearms using fake IDs. None of the purchases with fake IDs were prevented.
• Cities located in states with handgun purchaser licensing have much lower rates of within-state illegal
gun trafficking than those without licensing," '
• States with handgun purchaser licensing laws were also much less likely to export crime guns to other
states (45% to 76% lower crime gun export rates). 5, 6
• After Missouri repealed its handgun purchaser licensing law in August 2007, which had required
permits for handguns purchased from private individuals as well as from licensed gun dealers, the
share of crime guns recovered by the police with an unusually short time interval from retail sale to
crime - which is indicative of trafficking - more than doubled.' Preliminary research also suggests
that, after its license law repeal, Missouri's age-adjusted homicide rate increased by 25% at a time
when national and regional homicide rates were actually declining.
• Crime guns recovered by police in states with handgun licensing and registration laws (which
Maryland currently has a form of) were much less likely to have been originally purchased within the
state - indicating that these laws make it harder for criminals to get guns.
• Handgun purchaser licensing laws do not interfere with the Second Amendment rights oflaw-abiding
gun owners. The Supreme Court has specifically said that "laws imposing conditions and
qualifications on the commercial sale of arms" - but which don't ban all handguns - are
presumptively valid under the Second Amendment to the U.S. Constitution."
Research suggests that, once implemented, Maryland's handgun purchaser licensing law will reduce gun
trafficking, gun crime, and gun homicides, and can serve as a national model for other states.
Protecting Health, Saving Live~·millions at a Time
624 North Broadway. Baltimore, Maryland 21205 • wwwjhsph.edu/gunpolicy
o Bottom Line: The Manchin-Toomey Amendment would require background checks for all gun
sales in commercial settings, including at gun shows and on the internet.
~ Expanded background checks are critically important for shutting off criminal access to guns.
Today, a single website, Annslist.com, hosts over 73,000 ads for firearms, and 94% of them are
offered by private sellers who are not required by federal law to conduct background checks. This
is a 500% increase in sales volume over the course of 16 months.
~ There are more than 4,000 gun shows annually in the U.S. and 30% of all guns involved in federal
gun trafficking investigations are connected to these shows.
o Better background checks: The bill would help keep guns out of the hands of felons, domestic
abusers and the seriously mentally ill by requiring background checks on commercial gun sales.
~ The bill covers gun transfers: (1) at or immediately outside of a gun show, defined as any event
with more than 75 guns for sale; or (2) pursuant to an advertisement on the internet or in another
publication. It does not cover other types of transfers, including between friends and family.
~ Checks by dealers: Private sellers will be required to conduct background checks through
licensed dealers, using the same background check system already used in dealer sales.
• Record keeping: Licensed dealers will run background checks on potential buyers and keep
records of sales in the same manner as they have for more than 40 years. The FBI will still be
required to destroy all evidence of successful background checks within 24 hours, and federal
law will continue to prohibit the creation of a federal gun registry.
• Permits in lieu of checks: As with licensed dealer sales, the dealer may accept a qualifying
state firearms permit instead of conducting a background check.
~ Penalties: For private sellers, transfers to a person federally prohibited from buying guns or law
enforcement officer without a background check would be a felony. Failure to comply with the
background check requirement for sales to other buyers would be a misdemeanor.
o Getting critical records into NICS: The bill would improve NICS--the federal database that is
used for background checks-by enhancing state and federal reporting systems and removing
perceived hurdles to the submission of critical mental health records.
o Streamlined Gun Laws: The bill contains provisions to improve and simplify laws for licensed
dealers, gun owners, veterans and active military personnel, including:
Allowing active military personnel to purchase guns in the state where they live and in the state
where they are stationed for duty
~ Ensuring that veterans who are prohibited from owning guns due to determinations of mental
incapacitation are given an opportunity to appeal those determinations before losing their gun
~ Allowing licensed dealers to sell guns to a resident of any state, provided dealers follow the legal
conditions of sale in the state where the sale takes place and the state in which the buyer resides
~ Clarifying that people traveling across state lines may carry guns that are locked and unloaded
Carlotta Joyner, Chapter Director
What is Organizing for Action?
A nonprofit public advocacy organization that
• Is a national organization with local chapters;
• will work to support President Obama in achieving enactment of the policy agenda
Americans voted for on Election Day 2012;
• will identify in local chapters the state and local issues of importance to chapter
A nonpartisan organization that
• was formed by former Obama Campaign leaders but is not affiliated with the
• hopes to mobilize citizens of all political parties and all points of view to speak out in
support of key issues;
• will work with other progressive organizations to
o support the national agenda and
o address important state and local issues;
• will engage in community service projects in our local communities;
• will do grassroots fundraising to support our local chapter and contribute to state and
. national activities;
• will not. as an organization, be involved in elections or partisan political activities.
Top National Issues
• Gun violence prevention
• Budget and tax reform
• Climate change
• Affordable Care Act implementation
• Election reform
"We don't have to agree ON EVERYTHING
to agree it's time to DO SOMETHING"
I've learned that people will forget what you said, people will forget what you did, but people will never forget how you made them feel.